I have always been pretty good with conformational faults and spotting unsoundnesses in horses thanks to my past 4-H and horse bowl experiences. This semester I am taking a Equine Biomechanics and Conformation class and I was excited to realize that I didn’t know as much as I thought I did. Sure I can tell you if your horse is camped under behind, over in the knee, or croup high, but I wasn’t able to look at a horse and figure out their overall balance.
To be honest, when I purchased Ax his conformation was the last thing on my mind. I know – bad idea – but I knew he wasn’t falling apart, he had no unsoundnesses, and he was put together relatively normal. Over a year later, I figured I could test some of my new knowledge and see how Ax holds up to the ideally balanced equine. (“Ideal” being based off of physics and geometry to benefit the basic horse.)
Length vs. Height
Ideal – The length of the horse from the point of the shoulder to the buttock should be equal to the height of the horse from from the top of the withers to the ground. This should create an box around the horse (minus the head and neck) that is a square with equal sides.
Ax – The length from his shoulder to buttock is longer than the length from his withers to the ground. AKA he is longer than he is tall by about three or four inches. Also to note, his point of shoulder is not aligned with his point of buttock so he may be considered even longer. That causes the box to be slightly shorter on the vertical sides.
Heartgirth vs. Legs
Ideal – The depth of the heartgirth from the top of the withers to the elbow should be equal to the length of the leg from the elbow to the fetlock.
Ax – The lengths are exactly the same. Yay.
Topline vs Underline
Ideal – The topline should be level so the point of the croup is at the same height or slightly lower than the top of the withers. The topline from the top of the withers to the point of the hip should be shorter that the underline from the point of the elbow to the stifle.
Ax – His topline is perfectly even and the length of his topline is indeed shorter than the length of his underline.
Forequarter vs. Hindquarter
Ideal – The forequarter of the horse (minus the head and neck) should be equal to the hindquarter of the horse when a line is drawn through the center (near the last rib) of the horse in the box from before.
Ax – This one is tougher to measure, but I think that he is pretty even.
Shoulder vs. Back vs. Buttock
Ideal – The shoulder, back, and buttock should all be equal in length when lines are drawn from the top of the wither to the ground and the point of the hip to the ground in the box from before.
Ax – His back is very slightly longer than his buttock and both are longer than his shoulder.
Head vs. Body
Ideal – The length of the head should be similar to the lengths from the point of the hock to the ground, the chestnut on a forelimb to the ground, length of heartgirth, and from the stifle to the croup.
Ax – The length of his head is equal to the length of his hock to the ground, his chestnut to the ground, and his stifle to his croup. It is much shorter than the length of his heart girth. He has always had an infamously tiny (but cute) head, but maybe he just has a strangely long heartgirth instead.
Buttock vs. Hip vs. Stifle
Ideal – The lengths from the buttock to the stifle, the stifle to the point of the hip, and the point of hip to the buttock should all be similar.
Ax – None of the lengths are equal. His hip to stifle is the longest and his buttock to hip is slightly longer than his buttock to stifle.
How does your horse compare to the ideal horse?